For each of the topics, books are ordered by Jody's subjective ranking of their usefulness.
fMRI Methods and Topics
An excellent introduction to fMRI physics, the BOLD response, signal properties, and design and analysis.
For cognitive neuroscientists, I particularly recommend Chapters 8 through 12.
This book provides an excellent, clearly written review of analysis methods in fMRI that goes into greater depth than other resources.
This valuable book reviews both the methods for studying connectivity (anatomical, functional and effective connectivity) and understanding connectivity in terms of small world networks.
The techniques are described in clear terms accessible to even the less mathematically inclined readers.
The book also discusses some of the interesting results and interpretations that have arisen from these approaches.
The second edition provides chapters on history, physics and methods; overviews of fMRI results in different cognitive domains (e.g., attention, memory, language), and developmental, social and clinical applications.
This book was excellent when it first came out, though it's now getting rather dated. [You know you're a neuroimager if 2003 seems out of date.]
If you only buy one overpriced brain atlas for neuroimaging, this is the one I'd recommend most highly.
Beautiful pictures and clear anatomy.
Excellent schematics outlining and describing sulci.
Slices of real brain.
Excellent for showing intersubject variability and deviations from the norm.
Gives probabilities of configurations and stats on sulci.
Just because it's the standard doesn't mean it's good (see also VHS vs. beta, Microsoft vs. Macintosh).
Good for satisfying reviewers who want to know how your subjects' brains compare to an alcoholic old lady's brain.
Good for showing sulci across a wide range of slice planes.
Has a very clear and concise description of major sulci and divisions.
Good for main sulci; secondary sulci are omitted.